Origin Of Robotics

Origin Of Robotics
Introduction :
The term comes from a Czech word, robota, meaning “forced labor.” The word first appeared in 1920 by Czech writer Karel Capek, R.U.R.: Rossum’s Universal Robots.
The idea of robotics began as far back as the eighth century, in the Iliad. Hephaestus, the Greek god of fire, was said to have handmaidens mechanically active and made from gold. However, the first true account of robotics comes from the golden tree of Baghdad. Kept in a palace during the ninth and tenth centuries, it featured birds singing on branches while they flapped their wings. Early water clocks were also examples of early robotics. They were often fitted with astrological signs, giving a dual purpose to the inventions.
Definition : A robot is a machine designed to execute one or more tasks repeatedly, with speed and precision. There are as many different types of robots as there are tasks for them to perform.
Types of robots : A robot can be controlled by a human operator, sometimes from a great distance. But most robots are controlled by computer, and fall into either of two categories: autonomous robots and insect robots.
Robots are sometimes grouped according to the time frame in which they were first widely used.
Some advanced robots are called androids because of their superficial resemblance to human beings. Androids are mobile, usually moving around on wheels or a track drive. The android is not necessarily the end point of robot evolution. Some of the most esoteric and powerful robots do not look or behave anything like humans. The ultimate in robotic intelligence and sophistication might take on forms yet to be imagined.
Asimov suggested three principles to guide the behavior of robots and smart machines. Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics, as they are called, have survived to the present:

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